Mirroring the rapid evolution and ubiquity of technology over the last few decades, advances in technology has made sizeable contributions to the field of forensics. These manifest themselves not as entirely original technologies, but innovations in existing technologies in order to increase effectiveness and reduce costs. Some of these advances include:
Automated Sniffer Dogs
Police dogs such as bloodhounds are a legendary image of policework and forensics, and their ability to identify and track scents have made them invaluable police assets for decades. They are especially useful in the location and identification of cadavers. However they may soon become anachronistic, as Agile Technologies has developed a device that serves the same function with much more accurate readings. The Light-weight Analyzer for Buried Remains and Decomposition Odor Recognition, or LABRADOR for short, is an apparatus made up of 12 sensors that can identify 30 classes of chemicals that are emitted by decaying bodies. Using the visual display, the LABRADOR can identify bodies with a higher accuracy than dogs can, which can be misled by false readings by air and water movement. Operated like a metal detector, a LABRADOR can find a body buried in a 40 acre field to an accuracy of 15 metres. This drastically reduces the time and labour required to locate missing bodies, and removes the cost of raising and caring for specialized police dogs.
Fluorescent Fingerprint Enhancement
Forensic investigation of fingerprints has been a field of study for over 100 years, but improvements and evolutions of the technology are still emerging. The most common issue with fingerprints faced by forensic investigators are fingerprints that don’t have enough contrast or definition to give an accurate reading. To improve results, forensic scientists fume fingerprints with chemical compounds, most commonly cyanoacrylate (Super Glue). However, on a light coloured surface the fingerprint can still be too indistinct to take an effective photograph.
Until now, the solution has been to apply a second coat of a fluorescent chemical. However, these chemicals are toxic and must be applied in a controlled environment, which drastically increases the time and cost of a forensic investigation. There is also the inherent risk that this sequence will degrade and compromise a DNA reading. For three decades, research chemists have been trying to develop a safer, cheaper alternative. Developed by the French Laboratory of Supramolecular Photochemistry and the firm Crime Scene Technology, Lumicyano is a safe, inexpensive chemical innovation that benefits one of the most common methods of forensic investigation. Working as both a fluorescent and an adhesive, Lumicyano allows more accurate reading of fingerprints in a fraction of the time, using a basic UV light.
Forensic Glass Analysis
Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry, or LA-ICP-MS for short, is in innovation in using broken glass as a forensic tool. While it may seem obscure, broken glass is often present in incidents such as burglaries and car accidents. By analyzing samples of broken glass at a crime scene, forensic scientists can establish such factors as the direction of a gunshot, tools used in a robbery or direction of an impact. With LA-ICP-MS, tiny trace samples of glass on skin and clothing can be traced back to broken windows at a crime scene, in a similar fashion to DNA evidence. LA-ICP-MS can break down glass samples to an atomic level, meaning that there is no limit to the size of sample used.
High-Speed Ballistics Photography
The refinement of high-speed digital cameras means that advanced camera forensics are now an easily accessible tool to forensic departments. High-speed cameras are used to test and match projectile trajectory, impacts and exit wounds and can be repeated at a low cost in order to establish a match with absolute certainty.
The use of DNA in forensic analysis has been by far the greatest innovation in forensics of the last few decades. However it is not perfect, as DNA can degrade and some forms of samples leave gaps in necessary information. DNA testing is also a lengthy process, and can extend investigations by weeks or even months. DNA sequencers not only allow more comprehensive readings of DNA, the automation involved means that the labour involved is decreased by orders of magnitude.
Osteoporosis is a disease that affects the bones. As the bones start loosing their usual density they become weaker & are more likely to break. Studies have shown that every one in two women & every one in four men above the age of 50 tend to break bones due to osteoporosis. It can cause serious complications & appropriate measures must be taken to avoid extreme consequences.
There is no exact cure for osteoporosis. The idea of the osteoporosis treatment process is to strengthen the bones in order to protect them. The treatment primarily consists of a combination of drugs and suitable lifestyle changes that help in minimising the rate of bone resorption.
Preventive measures include a modification in the general lifestyle factors, doing more muscle-strengthening exercises and ensuring adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D.The medications used for osteoporosis treatment are anti-resorptive agents. Osteoporosis occurs when the rate of resorption in the bones overtakes the rate of bone formation. The anti-resorptive agents intend to inhibit the rate of resorption to put things back to a balanced state.
Drugs are the most aggressive way to hinder bone loss. Bisphosphonates are the most commonly seen osteoporosis curing drugs. They decrease the risk of hip, wrist and spine fracture for those who are affected with osteoporosis. The different types of bisphosphonates used are alendronate (Fosamax), ibandronate (Boniva), risedronate (Actonel) & zoledronic acid (Reclast). The side effects of these drugs can range from acid reflux to nausea and they can even cause damage to the bones in the jaw. To reduce these side effects & to enhance the absorption of the medicine all bisphosphonates taken orally should be taken on an empty stomach in the morning, at least 30 minutes before breakfast.
For those people who are unable to tolerate bisphosphonates, hormones can be used as an alternative source of osteoporosis treatment. For Post-menopausal women who are usually at a very high risk of osteoporosis because of the dip in the levels of protective estrogen production, Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs) like Raloxifene (Evista) do the job of bone-preservation to a certain extent. Thyrocalcitonin is a hormone that helps in regulating the calcium levels in the body. Synthetic thyrocalcitonin or calcitonin (Fortical, Miacalcin) is available as nasal spray or as injection. But the hormone treatment can increase risks of stroke, blood clots, breast cancer and heart attack. So, it is only used as a second or third line of defence for the patients.
One way to slow down the rate of bone loss is to add ample amounts of calcium and vitamin D in the diet. Calcium-rich foods like soy products, dairy products, grains, fresh green vegetables and breads can prove to be very helpful in terms building stronger bones.
Last but not the least, exercising is probably the most intriguing, positive way to take on the this complex disorder. Exercising not only helps in lessening the rate of bone loss & increase bone density, it improves physical posture, body balance & overall health. Exercises like weight training, walking, jogging or biking can act as a boost for the entire body including the bones.
These lifestyle changes & treatments can work together to produce the desired results. The patient would be well advised to discuss these things in detail with the doctor, weigh the hazards & the benefits and come up with an osteoporosis treatment plan that works best.
Hair removal treatments are no walk in the park. They are obviously slightly painful, but having them done by experts can turn your hair removal appointments into anticipated spa dates and well worth the money you pay for them. With the number of spas and hair removal clinics in Brisbane, it is difficult to choose a clinic and expect the best results, not unless the clinic has the best reputation around. If you are searching for a clinic randomly, you could end up going to a clinic who will give you subpar service and and results that are below what you expected.
How Hair Removal is Done
Hair removal treatments use laser pulses to kill the hair by focusing the light on the pigment which absorbs the light and causes the death of the hair follicle. This means that you get a permanent, hair-free, smooth skin, with no need to use temporary hair removal products and procedures such as depilatories and waxing just to get the same results.
Hair removal is the removal of hair from various parts of the body, not just on the obvious places such as the legs and back. You can also have hair removal done on your face, your chest and other places where hair should not be. Hair removal clinics and spas offer related services such as chemical facial peels, treatments for various skin conditions such as psoriasis, sun damage and pigmentation.
How to Choose Your Hair Removal Clinic
Use a clinic that uses the latest in hair removal technology if you want safe and clean procedures. Sophisticated hair removal procedures uses more powerful light and double safety techniques which reduces the number of sessions needed to completely remove your hair. Despite the more expensive price tag, you reduce costs since you reduce the number of sessions and recovery time is shorter. We use Alexandrite lasers which are currently the best for permanent hair removal or hair reduction. These lasers have 755 nm wavelengths and are most suited for targeting melanin, the pigment that absorbs light.
We also use IPL or intense pulsed light, which offer a more subtle form of hair removal that is temporary. This technology uses a broad spectrum light filtered through a glass crystal. Although anyone can do this procedure, we have licensed technicians doing procedures such as these to ensure maximum safety and comfort for our clients. IPL is often the best procedure for removing skin imperfections, such as freckles and sun damage discoloration, acne scarring and facial veins.
You want to go to a clinic or a spa and enjoy your time there. Grumpy,untrained staff will not make the experience any more relaxing for you. It is best to visit several clinics and get a feel for the atmosphere by looking at how staff interact with clients. You want to feel pampered and cared for, not harassed nor embarrassed when you step into the clinic.
A licensed staff and a certified operation is your first consideration if you want hair removal procedures that are safe.A licensed staff is expected to know the procedures and to provide professional service.
Choose a hair removal clinic that gives you customized service according to what you need. Clinics usually offer packages to suit the needs of clients. Your hair removal technician will talk to you first to determine what you want and what services are most suitable for you. This way you avoid paying for procedures you don’t need and you only need to stay in the clinic for no longer than is necessary.
Our clinic uses specific technologies to suit the type of condition you have. We use the best technology for hair removal to ensure permanent removal of hair if that is the result you want. You will also receive counselling on what to expect, the expected number of sessions, what you can do to prepare, and how much you can expect to spend. All the information you need to make a wise decision on what kind of procedure to get will be given to you before you start.
Make sure that you get the best hair removal treatment that is worth your money by working with us. With a trained and licensed staff, a relaxing atmosphere, sophisticated technology and the desire to give each client the best in hair removal service, you can be sure that you’ll be getting your money’s worth and more with Hair Removal Brisbane.
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One of the questions that many people have when trying to sell their cars is “how can I sell my car Gold Coast and get the most out of it?” If you are in the process of selling a car, it’s important that you approach this issue with the seriousness it deserves if you are to profit maximally from it. In order to do so, there are a number of things you might need to keep in mind before actually starting the process of selling the car. Some of these include:
Be careful about repairs
A general rule of thumb is that in order for you to sell the car quickly and for more, you should try to have it repaired before putting it on the market. However, this is not always as simple as it sounds. When thinking of doing repairs, it’s always wise to find out whether this will result in any tangible benefits or not. The best way to do this is by finding an estimate of how much you can sell the car for when it’s all fixed, and then compare the profits you make from this with if you decided to sell the car as is. If you end up spending too much on the repairs, the resulting car might be more difficult to sell since it will be more expensive, and you may end up making less from it overall.
Try to have the car valued by a professional
When you are thinking of putting the car on sale, you should try to find out how much its worth is. One of the major mistakes that many people make when selling cars especially for the first time is putting an arbitrary price tag on the car. In many cases, doing this will result in either putting too high a price on the car, which will make it harder for you to find someone to buy it. You can also sell the car for much less than you should, losing the potential to make more out of it. The latter is especially common for cars that have some sentimental or historical significance, such as very old and rare cars. When you get quality valuation services from a professional, they will consider everything from the car’s state and history to figure out the true value of the car.
When you are trying to sell a car, it’s always a good idea to try and be patient. Being too impatient will result in you getting much less for the car, since you will be willing to sell it off as soon as possible even if the buyer drives a hard bargain. If you have the car reasonably priced, chances are that you will find an ideal buyer within a short time. This makes the wait worth it in the end.
To ensure that all the above are done, you can also try to have the car sold through the help of a car sales agent. Most of them will do everything they can to ensure that you end up getting the most out of the car.